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转载 | 持有中国驾照可以在美国开车吗?
发布时间:2019-7-16 ?来源:北京市长安公证处 被阅览数:107

日前,一位到长安公证处办理公证事项的当事人张先生说,前年到美国探亲期间,他在伊利诺州首府斯普林菲尔德(春田市)驾驶车辆时,因违反当地交规遭警察拦检,虽然张先生出示了护照、中国驾照和通过网络途径“购买”的“国际驾照”,仍然被警察开具了“无照驾驶”和“违反交通规则”两个罚单,甚至被告上了法庭。


就持中国驾照到美国驾车相关问题,北京市长安公证处公证员何治力介绍说,中国没有官方发放的所谓“国际驾照”。也就是说,第一,在中国是没有“国际驾照”这个东西,张先生所说的“国际驾照”,其实就是一份驾照的翻译本,没有特殊的法律效力。第二,实务中,持中国驾照到美国驾车,一般需要做一份驾照公证,至少在租车的时候,大部分美国的租车公司会要求提供和认可这个公证书的。第三,美国每个州都有自己的地方法律,关于中国驾照在美国的使用情况,每个州的规定都不太一样,要在某个州开车游玩或办事,一定要先搞清楚途经各州的交通法律规定。



一、驾照公证在美国的使用

驾照公证,是指由公证机构对驾驶证的真实性、合法性出具的证明,证明该驾照是合法获得的资格证书。驾照公证件含有驾照持有人姓名、国籍、证件号、准驾车型、驾照申领日期、驾照到期日期等信息以及证明驾照合法的描述文字,并且含有公证机构的公章,具有法律效力。如果无特殊指定,美国驾照公证一般附英译文,个别州对公证书的使用期限还会有要求。实践中,除本地法律明文规定以外,美国大多数地方的警察,都会认可由中国公证机构出具的驾照公证书。


二、中国驾照在美国各州使用规定

鉴于美国各州法律的特殊性,小编通过网络查询了一些关于美国各州对中国驾照能否使用的规定和条件,供广大读者朋友参考。

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三、各州相关法律规定


(一)Alabama 阿拉巴马——可以

“A non-resident at least 16 years old whose home country does not require licensing of drivers may operate a motor vehicle as a driver of not more than 90 days in any calendar year, if the vehicle operated is duly registered for the current year in the home country of the non-resident.”(alea.gov)

年龄满16岁以上,每个自然年可以驾车90天。


(二)Alaska 阿拉斯加——可以

You are welcome to drive in Alaska if you are at least 16 years old and have a valid driver license from another state, US Territory, or country. If you will be driving in Alaska for more than 90 days, you must get an Alaska driver license. (alaska.gov/dmv)

年龄满16岁以上。如果要在阿拉斯加驾车超过90天,需要申请阿拉斯加驾照。


(三)Arizona 亚利桑那——可以

You may legally drive in Arizona as a visitor or tourist using a valid driver license from another country. An international driving permit is not required, but it is recommended because it can be printed in English and used in conjunction with the driver license from the other country.(tripsavvy)

旅行者可以驾车,不要求国际驾照。


(四)Arkansas 阿肯色州——不可以

You may drive legally in Arkansas with a VALID UNEXPIRED INTERNATIONAL driver’s license that is valid for a period of no greater than 1 year along with a legal license from your home country (bothare required). The State of Arkansas requires that you obtain an Arkansas driver’s license if you will be in the state for more than 6 months.

持有国际驾照可以驾车不超过一年。由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(五)California 加利福尼亚州——可以

People with a current valid driver's license from a foreign country can legally drive in California. They do not need to get a California driver's license or international driving permit (“IDP”) as long as: They are at least 18 years of age, The license was lawfully issued in the country where they reside, and the license covers the type of vehicle they are driving in California (car, truck, motorcycle, etc.).(shouselaw)

年龄需要满18岁以上,不要求国际驾照,驾车车型需要符合驾照上的车辆类型。


(六)Colorado 科罗拉多州——可以

If you are visiting Colorado and are planning to drive during your visit, you should be aware of state traffic regulations. If you are in Colorado for a short visit and you already hold a drivers license issued by another state or another country, you may use it in Colorado. However, if you take a job in Colorado or live in the state for longer than 90 days, you will be required to surrender your original license and apply for a Colorado drivers license.(driversed.com/dmv/colorado)

可以驾车,但是如果居住在科罗拉多超过90天或者有工作,需要申请科罗拉多州驾照。


(七)Connecticut 康涅狄格州——不可以

An IDP is not considered a valid license. It must accompany the valid foreign license. Connecticut permits a student or visitor to operate a motor vehicle in Connecticut for a period of up to one year with his or her foreign license. If the license is in a language other than English or Spanish, the license must be accompanied by an IDP which serves as an English translation of the foreign license.(ct.gov/dmv)

要求国际驾照。由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(八)Delaware 特拉华州——不可以

Non-resident operators, over the age of sixteen (16) years, currently licensed in their home state or country. The license must be in the driver's possession.

由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(九)Florida 佛罗里达州——可以

Visitors to Florida who wish to drive while here are required to have in their immediate possession a valid driver license issued in his or her name from their country of residence.

If renting a car while visiting Florida, we suggest you check with the rental car company prior to your visit to see what they require. However, it’s our understanding that rental car companies have not changed their procedures or requirements for having a valid driver license from any state, U.S. territory or foreign country.(flhsmv.gov)

印有驾驶人姓名的合法驾照可以驾车。


(十)Georgia 乔治亚州——可以

O.C.G.A. § 40-5-21 exempts nonresidents from Georgia laws that require driver’s licenses if he or she “has in his or her immediate possession a valid driver's license issued to him or her in his or her home state or country; provided, however, that such person would otherwise satisfy all requirements to receive a Georgia driver's license; and provided, further, that in the case of a driver's license issued by the driver's licensing authority of a foreign country, a law enforcement officer may consult such person's passport or visa to verify the validity of such license, if available…”(dds.georgia.gov)

中国驾照若是有英文版内容,就可以使用,否则需要翻译件。


(十一)?Hawaii?夏威夷州——不可以

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要求外国驾照和IPD同时使用,入境一年内有效。如果这样,中国驾照就用不了。


(十二)Idaho ID 爱达荷州——可以

In the United States, a driver from a country that participates in the UN treaty is allowed to use their driver’s license while visiting the U.S. However, each individual state can pass laws requiring the driver to have an IDP - most states, including Idaho do not require this. But it is possible they will be carrying one anyway. An IDP will be issued by their home country and basically translates the DL for use in the visiting country. Visitors may drive in Idaho on their out-of-state DL while visiting for up to 1 year. Those with a work visa or school visa may drive longer, but they must be carrying their vi-sas with the necessary information.(tsrp-idaho.org)

非商业性使用,不强求国际驾照,驾驶时间不超过一年。


(十三)Illinois 伊利诺斯州——可以

Drivers moving to Illinois may use their valid driver's license from their home state or country for 90 days. You may obtain an Illinois driver's license or identification card only if you are becoming a legal resident of Illinois. If you have a valid driver's license from another state or country, you may use it to drive in Illinois throughout your stay (if you do not plan to become a permanent resident of this state). Illinois does not recognize the international driver's license.(cyberdriveillinois)

持有合法的外国驾照可以驾车90天。


(十四)Indiana 印第安纳州——可以

An out-of-country driver's license cannot be used for identification purposes. Out-of-country driver's license must be in English or presented with a verifiably accurate English translation of the document.(in.gov/bmv/)

外国驾照不能作为ID使用,并且需要有英文翻译。


(十五)Iowa 爱荷华州——可以

You are considered an Iowa resident for purposes of driver licensing if you have... lived in Iowa continuously for 30 days. You do not need an Iowa driver’s license if you: are driving a military motor vehicle while on duty with the U.S. Armed Forces; are driving farm equipment between the home farm and any nearby (not more than two miles) farmland or farm operation; or are a student or visitor and have a current license from your home state or country.(iowadot.gov/mvd)

访问者及学生可以持外国驾照,居住超过30天需要更换爱荷华州驾照。


(十六)Kansas 堪萨斯州——可以

Foreign tourists, teachers or business people who are here for up to one year and who hold valid Immigration Documents.(ksrevenue.org)

最多可以驾车一年。


(十七)Kentucky 肯塔基州——不可以

All non-U.S. citizens may drive in the U.S. on their valid foreign license and International Permit for up to one year from the date of admission into the U.S. provided their home country is part of the Foreign License Reciprocity. Drivers from non-Foreign License Reciprocity Countries must obtain a Kentucky license within 30 days of establishing residency in Kentucky.(drive.ky.gov)

需要为日内瓦公约国家或者地区, Kentucky 承认这些驾照,并列出了详细名单 (不包括中国大陆)。


(十八)Louisiana 路易斯安那州——不可以

Yes, if you will be here for more than one year, or even sooner if you did not come to the U.S. with an international driving permit.(loyno.edu)

由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(十九)Maine 缅因州——可以

Any nonresident possessing a valid motorcycle license from the state or country of their legal residence.(maine.gov)

非居民的外国驾照可以使用。


(二十)Maryland 马里兰州——可以

To drive in Maryland, you must have a valid driver’s license. Each state in the United States has their own driver’s license and they are valid throughout every state in the United States. The Maryland driver’s license is given by the Maryland Vehicle Administration (MVA).

If you have brought a driver’s license with you, be sure it is valid. Check the time limits below. After the time limit is over, you must get a Maryland driver’s license.

License from your Home Country: Valid for 30 days (enlawyers.com)

马里兰可以持外国驾照驾车30天。


(二十一)Massachusetts 马萨诸塞州——可以

Effective July 2018, Massachusetts General Law (Chapter 90, Section 10) was changed to allow validly licensed drivers from any country to operate validly registered motor vehicles in Massachusetts.All foreign-licensed drivers are subject to the following requirements when operating a motor vehicle in Massachusetts.(mass.gov)

从2018年7月起,所有的外国驾照都可以驾车。


(二十二)Michigan 密歇根州——可以

Under a new state law, additional foreign driver’s licenses are now valid in Michigan with the requirement that all nonresident drivers with foreign licenses must carry an English translation of their license. The Michigan Asian Pacific American Affairs Commission (MAPAAC) supported the legislation that resulted in Public Act 138, 2016.(michigan.gov)

可以驾车,但是需要携带英文翻译。


(二十三)Minnesota 明尼苏达州——可以

You may drive a motor vehicle on public roads in Minnesota without a valid Minnesota driver’s license or permit, You are a nonresident who is at least 15 years of age and have in your possession a valid driver’s license issued to you in your home state or country..(mn.gov)

驾驶人年龄需要满15岁。


(二十四)Mississippi 密西西比州—— 可以

You are exempted from having a Mississippi driver's license if:You are a non-resident over the age of sixteen (16) and have in your possession a valid driver's license issued to you by the proper authorities in your home state or home country. (If you hold a license from another state, and are over the age of eighteen [18], you may operate a vehicle in the state for a period of sixty [60] days without securing a Mississippi driver's license).(state.ms.us)

驾驶人员年龄需要满16岁以上。如果是美国其他州的居民并且满18岁最多只能驾驶60天。


(二十五)Missouri 密苏里州——可以

A nonresident who is at least eighteen years of age and who has in his immediate possession a valid license issued to him in his home state or country which allows such person to operate a motor vehicle in the transportation of persons or property as classified in section 302.015;(law.justia.com)

驾驶人员年龄需要满18岁以上。


(二十六)Montana 蒙大拿州——可以

A nonresident who is at least 15 years of age and who is in immediate possession of a valid operator's license issued to the nonresident by the nonresident's home state or country may operate a motor vehicle, except a commercial motor vehicle, in this state.(leg.mt.gov)

驾驶人员年龄需要满15岁以上。


(二十七)Nebraska 内布拉斯加州——不可以

A nonresident shall not be prevented from operating a motor vehicle upon the highways of this state during the period within which he or she may lawfully operate such motor vehicle in the state under the general motor vehicle laws of this state, but in no event shall such immunity extend beyond a period of thirty days continuous residence in the State of Nebraska.(nebraskalegislature.gov)

有网上的小伙伴说可以驾车30天,但是根据DMV网站的内容,没有提到外国驾照的情况。


(二十八)Nevada 内华达州——可以

NRS?483.240: Any nonresident who is at least 18 years of age, whose home state or country does not require the licensing of drivers, may drive a motor vehicle for a period of not more than 90 days in any calendar year, if the motor vehicle driven is duly registered in the home state or country of such nonresident.(leg.state.nv.us)

驾驶人员需要满18岁以上,每个自然年可以驾车90天。


(二十九)New hampshire 新罕布什尔州——不可以

WHO DOES NOT NEED A NEW HAMPSHIRE DRIVER LICENSE?? Non-residents who hold a valid driver license from their residentstate.? Members of the Armed Forces stationed in New Hampshire who hold a valid driver license from their home state.? Foreign citizens who are strictly tourists in the United States and hold a valid driver license from their home country accompanied by an international license issued by the home country. (nh.gov)

由于中国不是国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上持中国驾照不能在新罕布什尔州开车。


(三十)New jersey 新泽西州——不可以

Foreign motorists with valid driver licenses from qualifying countries* are free to drive personal or rental cars while visiting the United States as a tourist and are advised to carry an International Driving Permit.(reddit.com)

中国并不在符合条件的国家列表中。


(三十一)New mexico 新墨西哥州——可以

Like all states, New Mexico requires a valid driver's license. It is helpful to law enforcement if the driver also possesses an International Driving Permit as well.(mvd.newmexico.gov)

不要求国际驾照。


(三十二)New York 纽约州——可以

You can drive in New York State with a valid driver license from another state or country. You don’t need to apply for a New York State driver license unless you become a New York State resident. If you have a driver license from another country you do not need to have an International Driving Permit, but it is helpful. (dmv.ny.gov)

除非要成为纽约州居民,否则外国驾照可以驾车,不要求国际驾照。


(三十三)North Carolina 北卡罗来纳州——可以

North Carolina will accept a “valid drivers license issued to [the driver] in his home state or country.” (G.S. §20-8.3) North Carolina does not recognize the International Driving License although if your home country license is not written in English, it is best to have an International Driving License in addition to your home country license.(unc.edu)

可以驾车,不要求国际驾照。


(三十四)North Dakota 北达科他州——可以

Non-residents at least 16 years of age who have in their possession valid licenses from their home state or country, including members of the Armed Forces while stationed in North Dakota.(dot.nd.gov/divisions/driverslicense)

年龄需要满16岁以上。


(三十五)Ohio 俄亥俄州——不可以

Motorists who are residents of other nations and who are bona fide tourists visiting the United States may drive up to one year with their own national license plates (registration tags) on their vehicle and with their own driver license. (United States motorists may drive in foreign countries under the same conditions.)These reciprocal privileges are made possible by the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic (Geneva 1949). If the name of the foreign motorist’s nation is not recognized, a tourist will have to purchase license plates and obtain a driver license upon arrival in the United States.

由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(三十六)Oklahoma 俄克拉荷马州——可以

If you hold a valid license issued by another country and are staying in Oklahoma for a short visit, you are not required to obtain an Oklahoma drivers license.(driversed.com/dmv/oklahoma)

需要持外国合法驾照。


(三十七)Oregon 俄勒冈州——可以

Visitors from foreign countries may drive in Oregon using a foreign‐issued driver license. Visitors must carry the foreign driver license and, in addition, it is suggested that visitors carry an International Driving Permit issued by officials in their country of residence.(cldc.org/wp-conten)

驾驶人推荐同时携带国际驾照,但是不强求。


(三十八)Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚州——可以

Individuals who possess a valid foreign driver's license from their country are authorized to drive in Pennsylvania for up to one year from their date of entry into the United States, or upon expiration of their foreign license, whichever comes first. International driving permits are strongly recommended, but not required.(dmv.pa.gov)

使用外国驾照最多可以驾车一年,推荐同时携带国际驾照,但是不强求。


(三十九)Rhode island 罗得岛州——可以

A nonresident who is at least eighteen (18) years of age and who has in his or her immediate possession a valid chauffeur's license issued to him or her in his or her home state or country may operate a motor vehicle in this state either as an operator or chauffeur. Subject to the age limits applicable to chauffeurs in this state, that license shall be accepted as a chauffeur class I license. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a nonresident must submit an application for a chauffeur class I license which must be approved before a nonresident may be employed as a chauffeur in this state;

驾驶员年龄需要满18岁。


(四十)South carolina ?南卡罗来纳州——可以

If you are a permanent resident of another state, you can use your home driver’s license to drive in South Carolina.If you're visiting from a non-English speaking country, you're strongly advised to get an International Driving Permit from your home country. An International Driving Permit serves as a translation to be used with your valid driver's license. It is not an actual license, but is translates your foreign language license into English. It allows law enforcement officers to read your license. (Driver-Services/Visiting-SC)

驾驶人推荐同时携带国际驾照,但是不强求。


(四十一)South dakota 南达科他州——可以

If you are at least 16 years of age and have in your immediate possession a valid operator’s license from your home country, you may operate a motor vehicle in this state.(dot.nd.gov)

年龄需要满16岁以上。


(四十二)Tennessee ?田纳西州——可以

Non-Tennessee residents who have in their immediate possession a valid driver license issued by their home stateor country, equivalent to the appropriate class or type of Tennessee license.(tn.gov)

不要求国际驾照。


(四十三)Texas ?德克萨斯州?——不可以

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18岁以上人士,若在其所在州或者国家持有合法驾照,可在德州驾驶同等车型,前提是其所在州或国家承认德州驾照。中国不承认外国驾照,所以不可以。


(四十四)Utah 犹他州——可以

on-residents licensed by another state or country may drive in Utah if: At least 16 years of age. Temporarily assigned by an employer, religious or private organization, or governmental entity. Military personnel and dependents who are temporarily assigned in Utah.(dld.utah.gov/licensingid-cards/)

驾驶人员需要16岁以上。


(四十五)Vermont 佛蒙特州——不可以

A nonresident operator shall be considered as licensed or permitted in this State if the nonresident operator has complied with the laws of the foreign country of his or her residence relative to the granting of operators' licenses or learner's permits..the jurisdiction that issued the license is a party to the 1949 Convention on Road Traffic or the 1943 Convention on the Regulation of Inter-American Motor Vehicle Traffic; and...(dmv.vermont.gov)

由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(四十六)Virginia 弗吉尼亚州——可以

An international driver’s license is not a valid driver’s license and does not allow you to drive. It is only a foreign translation of your existing valid driver’s license to be used when you are traveling outside of the U.S. These permits are issued by your local AAA, except to persons whose driving privilege is suspended or revoked.If you are visiting the U.S. from a foreign country, you may drive using your driver’s license issued by your home country. Your home country driver’s license should be accompanied by a translation of the license. International driver’s licenses marketed by private sector businesses are not valid and do not allow you to legally operate a motor vehicle. Sale of any document claiming to be a driver’s license is a Class 1 misdemeanor.(dmv.virginia.gov)

需要持驾照及英文翻译。


(四十七)Washington 华盛顿州——可以

If you are a nonresident or a short-term visitor, you can operate a motor vehicle in this state if you have a valid driver license from your home state, province, territory, or country and you are at least 16 years old. This applies to ...foreign tourists, teachers, or business people who are here for up to one year.(dol.wa.gov/driverslicense)

短期旅行者需要年龄满16岁以上,最多可以驾驶一年。


(四十八)West Virginia 西弗吉尼亚州——可以

A nonresident who is at least 16 years old and has a valid license from another state or country (limited to 90 days in a calendar year) (transportation.wv.gov)

驾驶员年龄需要满足16以上,每个自然年可以驾驶90天。


(四十九)Wisconsin 威斯康辛州——不可以

Foreign motorists from any of the countries who are party to the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic (Geneva, 1949) or the Convention on the Regulation of Inter-American Motor Vehicle Traffic (Washington, D.C., 1943) who visit the United States as tourists can drive legally using their valid domestic driver license for a period not to exceed one year from the date of arrival. They may drive either a personal or rental car.(wisconsindot.gov/Pages/dmv)

由于中国不在国际驾照公约的缔约国,所以理论上中国驾照不能开车。


(五十)Wyoming 怀俄明州——可以

Drivers with licenses issued from another country may drive in Wyoming as long as they have a valid driver license from their country. An International Driving Permit is recommended but not mandatory. This permit translates your driver license, so if needed, the proper authorities will be able to ascertain the information on your driver license.

驾驶人推荐同时携带国际驾照,但是不强求。


四、美国驾车注意事项

第一,没有违反交通规则的情况下,美国警察一般无权随意拦检行使中的车辆,否则可以起诉警察。美国的交通规则、交通习惯和中国有很多不同,首次驾车一定要提前熟悉当地交规和习俗,避免遇上不必要的麻烦。

第二,接到罚单即使不认可也不要和警察发生冲突,在美国如果不签罚单就是妨碍公务,警察有权逮捕你。当然,签字不代表认罪,有没有罪是法官的判决,不是警察,警察只有执法权,没有判决权。

第三,万一接到罚单,要及时处理,如果没有精力请律师或者没有更好的解决办法,就老老实实按照罚单要求交罚款。

第四,中国有句古话叫“知己知己,百战不殆”,所以小编建议大家在不熟悉情况的前提下在异国他乡尽量别开车,要开车也一定做到提前熟悉当地交规、熟悉道路地形、熟悉当地风土人情等。


声明:本文大部分内容来自网络(如涉及着作权问题请联系小编),旨在为持中国驾照的朋友在美国驾车提供借鉴参考,更多规定和注意事项不限于文章内容,具体规定还当以美国当地相关法律法规为准。

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